Works of Frederick Engels A Critique of the Draft Social-Democratic Program of Written: June 18 and 29 ; First Published: .. Erfurt Program. Das Erfurter Programm (German Edition) – Kindle edition by Karl Kautsky. bereitete er zusammen mit August Bebel und Eduard Bernstein das Erfurter. The Erfurt Program of the German Social Democratic Party (). The SPD adopted the following program soon after the repeal of Bismarck’s Anti-Socialist Law.

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Abolition of all indirect taxes, customs, and other politico-economic measures that sacrifice the interests of the whole community to the interests of a favored minority. In the hands of their appropriators or their owners the social means of labour have become means of exploitation. Armed nation instead of standing army. Only the transformation of the capitalist private ownership of the means of production — land and soil, pits and mines, raw materials, tools, machines, means of transportation — into social property and the transformation of the production of goods into socialist production carried on by and for society can cause the large enterprise and the constantly growing productivity of social labor to change for the hitherto exploited classes from a source of misery and oppression into a source of the greatest welfare and universal, harmonious perfection.

Erfurt Program – Wikipedia

Abolition of all laws that are prejudicial to women in their relations to men in public or private law. Neither this nor the other word adds anything to the sense.

If society were constituted or had developed in the manner the socialist theory has hitherto assumed, then certainly the economic collapse would be only a question of a short span of time. Purchase Subscription prices and ordering Short-term Access To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above.

Programma di Erfurt

So, then, a unified republic. The interests of the working class are the same in all countries with a capitalist mode of production.


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The liberal organisations of modern society are distinguished from those exactly because they are flexible, and capable of change and development. The doctrine of the European balance of power seems to many to be out of date to-day, and so it is in its old form. Proportional representation; and until this is introduced, redivision of the constituencies by law according to the numbers of population.

Its author, the Austrian Karl Kautsky, combined an introduction briefly summarizing the Communist Manifesto with a list of specific demands that would appeal to non-Marxists, but which could not be granted, Marxists believed, without fatally undermining the capitalist system. The abolition of all local and provincial authorities appointed by the state. Must there be a repetition of what happened with protective tariffs, which were declared to be a matter of concern only to the bourgeoisie, not affecting the interests of the workers in the least, that is, a matter on which everyone could vote as he wished?

The party intended to pursue these goals through legal political participation rather than by revolutionary activity. Setting out from these principles the Social Democratic party of Germany demands immediately: Under this exploitation the wealth created by the exploited is concentrated in the hands of the exploiters — the capitalists and big landowners — with growing speed; the distribution of the product of labour between the exploiters and exploited becomes ever more uneven, and the numbers and insecurity of the proletariat grow ever greater, etc.

If such a distinction should be made, it should in any case be expressed more clearly or explained in a commentary appended to the draft.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Graduated income and property tax for defraying all public expenditures, to the extent that they are to be paid for by taxation. Don’t have an account? Indemnity for the elected representatives. Suspension of every restriction on political rights, except in the case of legal incapacity. It is divided into three sections: But has social democracy, as the party of the working classes and of peace, an interest in the maintenance of the fighting power?


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Erfurt Program

But universal suffrage is only a part of democracy, although a part which in time must draw the other parts after it as the magnet attracts to itself the scattered portions of iron. The annual party congresses of the SPD regularly condemned Revisionism, reaffirming Marxism in theory, but Bernstein was never expelled from the party. This is even the specific form for the dictatorship of the proletariat, as the Great French Revolution has already shown.

No charges to be made for death certificates. The workman who has equal rights as a voter for state and local councils, and who thereby is a fellow owner of the common property of the nation, whose children the community educates, whose health it protects, whom it secures against injury, has a fatherland without ceasing on that account to be a citizen of the world, just as the nations draw nearer one another, without, therefore, ceasing to lead a life of their own.

Sign In Forgot password? It would be a step forward in Britain where the two islands are peopled by four nations and in spite of a single Parliament three different systems of legislation already exist side by side. Feudalism, with its unbending organisations and corporations, had to be destroyed nearly everywhere by violence.