Holden Furber; The English Utilitarians and India. By Eric Stokes. (New York: Oxford University Press. Pp. xvi, $), The American Historical Rev. OTHER REVIEWS. Jacobinism. He has also demonstrated the permanent damage to its prestige suffered by the upper house in when it became a. utilitarianism on Indian education: K. A. Ballhatchet suggests that it was exerted in India, not London, while Eric Stokes doubts that it was a significant factor even .

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The English Utilitarians and India

Request removal from index. One has only to add Maine, Fitzjames Stephen, and Morley for later Indian history, to enumerate most of the important figures in the intellectual history of English liberalism in the nine- teenth century.

The existing connection between two such distant countries as England ztokes India, cannot, in the nature of things, be permanent, no effort of policy can prevent the natives from ultimately regaining their independence.

Bentham and Mill believed that this scheme was the only solution to the pressing problem of providing an adequate judicial system for India. To realize this ideal it was necessary that all law wnd be scientifically designed, and embodied in a written form in codes.

Neelam marked it as to-read Nov 17, Against every instinct of the ordinary English mind, and against the professed intentions of both the Munro and Cornwallis systems, James Mill preached that the British power should not withdraw from this position, but sub- stantially maintain it. Letter of Munro, 19 July ibid. Javed Majeed – He was given stokds political or magisterial authority, and was not even entrusted with the control of the district police. It was not, of course, primarily an intellectual task, for the inward experience could not be reduced to rational terms.

For reasons of speed, economy, and simplicity, there would be only one judge, and only one appeal from his decision to a single metropolitan court of appeal. The Supreme Courts, established in the Presidency towns and presided over by judges appointed directly by the Crown, were re- garded by the English inhabitants as the shield and defence of their rights and liberties against the despotic government of the Company.

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To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. Finally, for all the tedious work of typing and indexing, I would like to record my gratitude to Mrs. In fact, he declared, the British system of public law, administered by an independent judiciary, was the best guarantee of toleration and protection for those interests to which the great mass of the people were truly attached. It was a military empire in an unimperial age, a vast commitment dubiously balanoed by its actual commercial value to English industry, a possession which generated that artificial rivalry with Russia which preoccupied British foreign policy throughout the nineteenth century.

Eric Stokes, The English Utilitarians and India – PhilPapers

The limitation consisted rather in the transposition of utilitarianism to the Indian setting. The relation of such movements to India was not merely personal and fortuitous. The principle of inspectability involved an impor- tant distinction. Given the post of an assistant examiner inand in succeeding to the chief executive office, that of Examiner, James Mill was at the very centre of power and in a position to carry into practice the princi- ple of utility as he had expounded it in his History of British India.

The improvement in moral tone was not a merely local phenomenon.

Without an adequate amount or food and leisure in the great body of the people, all education, according to Mill, was impotent. The fierce, downright exterior, the instinct for his own caste and race, the consciousness of religion, the sense of a moral code and a constant dwelling under an unwritten law of duty, the eager and crude intellectual appetite — all the images the imagination must summon to picture the English- man of the early Victorian age in India, are really anf from English social history.

Thw Battle of the Two Philosophies T h e setting of British administrative policy was laid at the foundations of the British dominion in India.


Full text of “The English Utilitarians And India”

The solution of the problem had entailed sweeping idia the decaying system of indirect rule, initiated by Clive and continued in another form by Hastings, by which the Company had attempted thd limit its interference and work largely through the native system stokse administration.

Malcolm said he dreaded no human being certainly no Nabob or Maharajah. For a man to become alive it was necessary for him to become aware of his thraldom, to know that he did not govern himself, but was a dead thing borne along helplessly by his own appetites and the englisg and opinions of the world. His liberalism consisted, in fact, of a few superficial measures, such as freedom of the press and the unrestricted immigration of Europeans.

Munrp to his sister, 5 March We should not only see the palaces of the Rajah, and the houses of the Vakeels, Aumils, Shrofs, and Zemindars, furnished and decorated with the produce indiq English arts and manufactures, but the Ryots, who form so large a part of the Indian population, may, like the British formers, have a taste for foreign produce, as soon as they can acquire property enough to procure if, and this is only to be acquired to that extent under a free and liberal government, where property is held sacred.

While aware of the irregularity and frequent oppressiveness of princely governments, they recognized that ultimately these were closer to their own ideal. Nilanjana Mukhopadhyay added it Jul 18, Their business was limited to admonition and persuasion, to make men conscious of Him and His dreadful commands; and they had no stokew in the power of mere human laws to shape conduct and transform character.

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